Simulations of hydro-fracking in rock mass at meso-scale using fully coupled DEM/CFD approach

The paper deals with two-dimensional (2D) numerical modelling of hydro-fracking (hydraulic fracturing) in rocks at the meso-scale. A numerical model was developed to characterize the properties of fluid-driven fractures in rocks by combining the discrete element method (DEM) with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The mechanical behaviour of the rock matrix was simulated with DEM and the behaviour of the fracturing fluid flow in newly developed and pre- existing fractures with CFD. The changes in the void geometry in the rock matrix were taken into account. The initial 2D hydro-fracking simulation tests were carried out for a rock segment under biaxial compression with one injection slot in order to validate the numerical model. The qualitative effect of several parameters on the propagation of a hydraulic fracture was studied: initial porosity of the rock matrix, dynamic viscosity of the fracking fluid, rock strength and pre- existing fracture. The characteristic features of a fractured rock mass due to a high-pressure injection of fluid were realistically modelled by the proposed coupled approach.

Keywords

CFD, DEM, FLUID FLOW, FRACTURE, HYDRO-FRACKING, MESO-SCALE, ROCK

Publication year

Publication language

angielski

Journal title / conference title

Acta Geotechnica

Publication country

Austria

Page numbers [from-to]

297 - 324

Author (4)





Organization unit

Katedra Budownictwa i Inżynierii Materiałowej
Katedra Fizyki Teoretycznej i Informatyki Kwantowej

Faculty

Wydział Fizyki Technicznej i Matematyki Stosowanej
Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Środowiska